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Wednesday, May 15 • 9:00am - 9:30am
Full Circle Mechanical Dynamic Characterization Including Experimental Modal Analysis and Finite Element Analysis

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During operation, it was observed that a specific mechanical system experienced undesirable vibration and it became necessary to understand and mitigate this phenomenon. This document investigates the tools, methodology, and results of the dynamic characterization of the system. The characterization makes use of the experimental modal analysis (EMA) methods of single input multiple output (SIMO) and single input single output (SISO). The validity of the theory of reciprocity is confirmed to minimize measurement error, cost, and time of repeat testing. Finite element analysis (FEA) is utilized in choosing transducer and modal hammer impact locations to adequately characterize the system. Single degree of freedom (SDOF) and multiple degree of freedom (MDOF) curve fitting is utilized to fully characterize the system’s mode shapes and natural frequencies. The EMA characterization results are used to modify and validate the FEA model so that FEA can be used to model potential structural modifications to the system to mitigate the undesirable vibration. Structural modifications are chosen, implemented, and their effectiveness is quantified using EMA. A qualitative evaluation of the methodology of FEA validation by EMA and tuning of the model to match the experimental results is discussed.


Thomas Hazelwood

Mechanical Engineer, ORNL

Wednesday May 15, 2019 9:00am - 9:30am EDT
Freedom Ballroom II